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  • Tree candles natural yellow Beeswax candles (10% beeswax) Ø 0.97

    Original price €29,99
    Original price
    from €29,99
    €29,99
    Current price €29,99

    Beeswax tree candles in natural yellow 20 pieces Ø 0.97 cm x 12.8 cm

  • Table candles white 30 pieces Ø 2.3 cm x 20 cm

    Original price €39,99
    Original price
    from €39,99
    €39,99
    Current price €39,99

    The 20 cm long table candles in white are available in a set of 30 pieces. The candles are 100% stearin and have a burn time of approximately 7 hou...

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Table candles and candlesticks at Wisefood

Candles give us a feeling of comfort and warmth. They remind us of birthdays and holidays, find a place on our Advent wreath and are also wonderful for decorating our own four walls. Actually perfect, if it weren't for the issue of sustainability. Unfortunately, most candles in the world today are produced with unsustainable raw materials, so each of these candles contributes to destroying our environment and destroying habitats for animals and plant diversity. Many buyers do not make this decision consciously, but rather unintentionally contribute to this poor ecological balance. The reason? A market that mainly offers cheap products that are cheap but bad for our environment. But it does not have to be like this! We at Wisefood have therefore been committed to sustainable products for years, from which both the consumer and our environment benefit. As the global market leader for edible disposable tableware, we have steadily expanded our range in recent years, so that you can now also get many sustainable candles from us. Whether stick candles in white or table candles for a special occasion - there is the right variant for every candlestick. Are you curious? Then we want to tell you a little more about our mission!

That's how many candles the world uses!

Burning products are popular all over the world. Of course, this is particularly true in European and Nordic countries, where temperatures are not high all year round and the hours of sunshine are very limited, especially in winter. No wonder that the need for warmth and brightness increases in these cases. This also explains why the Danes are European champions in candle consumption. They burn an impressive amount of 4.3 kg of candle wax per person per year! We Germans are just behind with a consumption of 3.1 to 4.0 kg per person. [1] The amount of candles in itself is of course not a problem at all, because there is nothing wrong with a cozy and "hyggelic" atmosphere in your own four walls. However, if you ask yourself what materials these products are made of and what accompanying materials can often be found in or on them, things look quite different. For example, IKEA sells an average of 8 billion tea lights a year, of course with the well-known aluminum sleeve that goes with them. [2] These alone produce a lot of waste, not to mention the plastic packaging, although there are great alternatives! These include, for example, tea lights with a glass cover or tea lights that do not require any outer packaging. You've already noticed that with such a large number of candle products sold, every single purchase decision counts. You too can make a difference by taking a closer look at where your cozy lights come from and what their main ingredients are before you buy a candle. But what are candles actually made of?

Main components in burning products

Candle products can be made from many materials. The cheapest and therefore also the most commonly used (and unfortunately at the same time the most environmentally harmful) is paraffin wax. An alternative to this raw material for candles is stearin, but the exact origin decides how sustainable this alternative really is. Finally, there are candle products made from beeswax or vegetable oil. Here, too, the origin of the individual materials and thus the purity of the raw materials are of course decisive for the overall assessment of environmental friendliness.[3] Let's take a closer look at the fabrics!

Paraffin

Paraffin is a substance that occurs as a waste product in crude oil production. Its good burning properties were recognized early on, and it is also tasteless and odorless, non-toxic and water-repellent, which made it a perfect candle raw material. [4]

Stearin

Stearin is a mixture of stearic and palmitic acid. It is obtained from animal and vegetable fats and, like paraffin, has good burning properties. Today it is mainly obtained from palm oil, although more environmentally friendly variants, such as extraction from rapeseed oil and animal waste, are now also being used. [5]

Beeswax

Beeswax is a particularly popular raw material for candles because of its smell and pretty colour. It is secreted by honey bees when they build their honeycomb. Incidentally, in its natural form beeswax is white, but it gets its yellow color from the pollen. [6]

Vegetable oils

People who make their own candles are already familiar with it: In this case, popular fuels are all kinds of vegetable oils, such as rapeseed oil , into which only a wick is regularly dipped.

How do I recognize a sustainable candle?

You now know that candle products are made of different materials. Incidentally, this is by no means done in equal shares. In Central Europe, over 90 percent of all fuel products consist of paraffin. The proportion of stearin candles, on the other hand, is no longer even 3 to 4 percent [7], which is still a lot compared to beeswax candles: These come to less than one percent. This disparity is mainly due to the price that is used to extract the raw materials and manufacture the candle products. Paraffin is very cheap, whereas beeswax has higher purchase prices due to the small quantities produced. But while the price differences explain why the proportions of paraffin, stearin or beeswax candles differ so much, you have to use other criteria than the mere purchase price to make a conscious purchase decision. We'll show you what to look out for when buying sustainable candles!

Burning time

Of course, a large and thick candle burns longer than a small, thin one. But here we would be comparing apples to oranges. It is more interesting to see how two candles with a diameter of 2 cm each, but made of different materials, burn down. Why?

The burning time of a candle product depends on the raw material used and the form of manufacture. Paraffin is softer compared to stearin. Although this means that stearin candles can break more easily, paraffin candles do not burn as long due to their lower density. This is further supported by the common manufacturing method, the powder pressing process. Here, a paraffin granulate is pressed around a prefabricated wick. Stearin candles, on the other hand, are usually manufactured using a casting process. Here, the candle wax is heated and then poured into a mold. The density is higher, there are fewer inclusions and therefore the firing quality is significantly better. Voila: the candle is no longer a reason for mourning, you get a perfect price-performance ratio and do something good for the environment. By the way, stearin candles, which you can find in our shop, have excellent burning times. Our large pillar candles have a burning time of 41 hours, the small pillar candles burn for at least 25 hours.Even our small tea lights can easily last 7 hours! Our table candles, which you can purchase in a set of 30, have the same burning time

Form stability

Paraffin melts at temperatures as low as 45° Celsius, so warm hands or a location by a sunny window can already cause the paraffin candle to deform. Stearin, on the other hand, is harder and has a higher melting point. This is often used as an argument against stearin candles, as they can break more quickly due to the higher density. Here, however, the correct use of the stearin candle is particularly important: If you choose thin stearin candles, such as table candles, you can extinguish them again after any time and you will not see any quality defects. Due to their dimensional stability, they stay upright in your candlestick! If, on the other hand, you decide to use pillar candles, you should allow them a longer burning time. The stearin wax heats up more slowly than paraffin wax and if the burning time is too short, your stearin candle would burn out hollow. On the other hand, if you let it burn longer, the stearin candle heats up evenly and you can enjoy it for a long time.

Pollution balance

Consumers are often concerned about the pollutants that may be released when their combustion products are burned. The purity of the ingredients used plays a particularly important role here. Since the quality of a candle can rarely be seen with the naked eye, the RAL seal of approval is often the first indication. This states that a candle has been tested with a view to high-quality raw materials and low-smoke, drip-free burning. Unfortunately, the seal does not offer a guarantee, because as long as the limit values ​​set in the EU are not exceeded, the product is considered harmless. In fact, however, some studies have found that undesirable pollutants can be released, especially when burning paraffin candles. This often happens in very small quantities, which are classified as harmless according to EU regulations. Nevertheless, pollutants such as alkanes, alkenes, ketones, toluene or benzene can be released [8] and many consumers would prefer to avoid them. On the other hand, if you opt for beeswax or stearin candles, you will receive high-quality candle raw materials that burn with little or no harmful substances.

Life cycle assessment

You have known for a long time that paraffin candles are made from crude oil and therefore definitely have a bad environmental balance. But maybe you've already heard that even the alternative - stearin candles - are heavily criticized? That's because a large proportion of the stearin candles available on the market are made from palm oil. Unfortunately, this is gained by cutting down large tracts of rainforest-rich forest to make way for monocultures such as oil palms. As a result, valuable habitat is lost and the biodiversity of our world is threatened. Fortunately, there are other alternatives. At Wisefood we make sure to only use sustainably sourced stearin wax. We primarily use stearin candles made from rapeseed oil and natural waste products. Both are produced locally and contribute to full recycling, so nothing goes to waste! Ideal for a favorable ecological balance. In addition, our stick candles, table candles, pillar candles and tea lights are delivered in plastic-free packaging and are 100 percent manufactured in the EU, which significantly improves the ecological balance.

I'm particularly interested in table candles: what's that all about?

You've heard of table candles before, but what exactly are they? These are special candle products that are particularly suitable for use on the dining or living room table, the "table" in earlier times. They are characterized by their elongated shape and relatively narrow diameter. For example, our table candles at Wisefood are 20 cm long and have a diameter of 2.3 cm. The wick has also been precisely adjusted to the candle strength. Why is that important? For the drip-free!

A good table candle is drip-free, because what could be worse than wax stains on a good Christmas tablecloth? But what exactly makes a candle drip-free? In order to answer this question, you have to know how a candle actually works: The wick, which is usually made of cotton, is ignited and heats up the candle wax lying around it. When this liquefies, it is sucked up through the wick and moves upwards, where it reaches the burning flame and thus the hottest point of the candle. Here the wax changes from a liquid to a gaseous state and evaporates. However, if the wick is too thick or too thin, the following happens: If the wick is too small, it cannot suck in enough wax, the candle burns poorly and slowly and also unevenly. On the other hand, if the wick is too thick, too much wax is sucked in, which cannot evaporate quickly enough - it has to go somewhere and chooses the easiest way: It drips against gravity. [9]

High-quality candles are therefore produced today with an ideal candle diameter-wick ratio, so that faulty burning is more likely to cause a dripping candle: If the candle is in a draft, it no longer burns evenly. The edge standing on the flame is dissolved faster and the liquefied wax runs down.

Extravagance and sustainability do not have to be mutually exclusive

What makes a candle special? Some people value a scented candle because the addition of essential oils gives off a special smell when it burns. The other attaches great importance to the look, because he wants to use the candle as a decoration or as a gift. In this case, twisted candles, for example, are a visual highlight. The next one is giving away table candles made of beeswax. At Wisefood, we think that sustainability and environmental friendliness are particularly valuable aspects today that make a candle special and extravagant. For a long time, consumers only paid attention to the price, but fortunately this buying behavior has been changing for some time, so that candle buyers are now making well-informed and conscious purchasing decisions. We would like to support you as best we can and therefore provide you with our candle guides with all the information you need for a sustainable and conscious purchase decision! This is so important to us that we are even personally available to you! Just give us a call and let us advise you on your individual questions. You can reach us from Monday to Friday between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m.!

By the way: If you feel like making your own sustainable candles yourself, you will find great instructions for sustainable DIY candles on our blog!

Sources used:

[1] https://de.statista.com/infografik/12606/kerzen Brauch-in-laendern-der-eu /
[2] https://www.besser-leben-ohne-plastik.de/8-milliarden-teelichter-und-die-umwelt/
[3] https://www.medienwerkstatt-online.de/lws_wissen/anleitungen/showcard.php?id=14379&edit=0
[4] https://dewikipedia.org/wiki/Paraffin
[5] https://de.wikipedia. org/wiki/Stearin
[6] https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bienenwachs
[7] http://gasser-kerzen. com/wissenswertes/schon-gewusst-allerlei-ueber-kerzen.html
[8] https://www.journalijtdh.com/index.php/IJTDH/article/download/20542/38062 /
[9] https://www.tagesspiegel.de/themen/gesundheit/warum-tropft-die-kerze/485740.html

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