The world of textile production has undergone major changes in recent years. Consumers and manufacturers alike are increasingly paying attention to sustainability and environmental protection. An important step in this direction is the production of organic cotton. But what exactly is organic cotton and how is it made? In this article we would like to explain step by step how the production of organic cotton works and what advantages it offers.
What is organic cotton?
Organic cotton is an environmentally friendly variant of conventional cotton. Unlike conventional cotton, organic cotton is grown and processed without the use of pesticides, herbicides and other chemical substances. Organic cotton farming ensures that the cotton is grown in a healthy and sustainable environment, protecting human and environmental health.
The cultivation of organic cotton
The production of organic cotton begins with cultivation. No synthetic fertilizers or pesticides are used in organic cotton cultivation. Instead, natural methods such as crop rotation and composting are used to nourish the soil and control weeds and pests. This results in healthier soil and reduces the risk of soil erosion and water pollution.
The harvest of organic cotton
Organic cotton is harvested by hand or with the help of machines. After the harvest, the cotton is cleaned and freed from dirt and impurities. Since no chemicals are used, the farmers have to be particularly careful when harvesting and processing the cotton.
Processing of organic cotton
The processing of organic cotton is similar to that of conventional cotton. The organic cotton is spun into yarn and then woven or knitted into fabrics. The difference lies in the chemical substances used in processing. No bleach, dyes or other chemical substances that could pollute the environment are used in the processing of organic cotton.
The advantages of organic cotton
The advantages of organic cotton are obvious. It is more environmentally friendly as no chemical substances are used to grow and process it. It is also healthier for the people who work with the cotton as they are not exposed to the hazardous chemicals used in conventional cotton production. In addition, organic cotton cultivation leads to higher quality soils and reduces the risk of soil erosion and water pollution.
Another advantage of organic cotton is that it is often fair trade. This means that the cotton farmers are paid fairly and have good working conditions. Fair trade practices can help reduce poverty and injustice in developing countries and help ensure better living conditions for cotton farmers and their communities.
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Organic cotton certification
To ensure that organic cotton actually comes from organic farming, there are various certifications such as GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standard) that cover the entire supply chain from cultivation to processing. So when you buy clothing or textiles made from organic cotton, you should look for these certifications to make sure that they are actually made in an environmentally friendly and sustainable way.
The production of organic cotton is an important step towards sustainability and environmental protection in the textile industry. Organic cotton farming offers numerous advantages over conventional cotton production, including better soil quality, less environmental impact and better working conditions for farmers. So if you want to buy sustainable fashion and textiles, you should look for products made from organic cotton.